The Crimea Declaration and Its Role in the De-Occupation of Crimea

  • Post category:Issue XX

Tymur Korotkyi
Professor, the Department of International and European Law of the National University Odesa Law Academy, Coordinator of the South Regional Centre of the Ukrainian Association of International Law

Yevheniia Lukianchenko
Counselling Assistant of Mustafa Dzhemilev, People’s Deputy of Ukraine

Nataliia Khendel
Associate Professor, the Department of International and European Law of the National University Odesa Law Academy


Abstract. The article analyses the role of the Crimea Declaration in the restoration of the territorial integrity of Ukraine.
It is argued that unilateral acts of states are widespread in international relations. Violation of the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine, the annexation of Crimea is an encroachment not only on the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine. This is an infringement upon the fundamental principles of international law and the current international order.
The article considers the point of view of the American diplomatic practice in relation to the Crimea Declaration. The Crimea Declaration is expressed in the form of a unilateral statement containing a protest regarding actions and their consequences, violating international law, by the direct recipient of the Declaration, namely, the Russian Federation. The Declaration is aimed at protecting the rights and interests of Ukraine, which is the common goal of the entire international community, and encourages its members to join this position.
The Crimea Declaration fully corresponds to the definition and criteria of protest, which allows us to speak about the relevant international legal implications arising from the Declaration and other relevant acts of the United States that form a unified system.
It is concluded that despite the fact that the Declaration contains general and framework provisions, it clearly reflects the US position regarding the condemnation of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, violation by Russia of fundamental principles of international law with regard to Ukraine, the non-recognition of the annexation of Crimea and its consequences, and the need for an expeditious de-occupation of Crimea.
Keywords: the aggression of Russia against Ukraine, occupation of Crimea, Welles Declaration, Crimea Declaration, protest.

Download Article (ukr)

1. Buromenskyi, M. (ed.). (2006). Mizhnarodne pravo: [navch. posibnyk]. Kyiv: Yurinkom Inter. [in Ukrainian]
2. Transatlantychne spivtovarystvo zaprovadzhuie sanktsii proty Rosii [online]. Available at: [in Ukrainian]
3. Presreliz: Krym tse Ukraina [online]. Available at: [in Ukrainian]
4. The Stimson Doctrine [online]. Available at: chapter/210/Lecture07/stimsondoctrine.pdf [in English]
5. Seventy-Fifth Anniversary of the Welles Declaration [online]. Available at: 645 [in English]
6. Crimea Declaration [online]. Available at:; ukrainskoiu movoiu na saiti Posolstva SShA v Ukraini: Krymska Deklaratsiia// Zaiava Derzhavnoho sekretaria Pompeo [online]. Available at: [in English]
7. Haran, A. (2018). ‘“Krymska deklaratsiia’ SShA: chy vidbudetsia rozmin Donbasu na Krym”’, Unian, 30 July [online]. Available at: [in Ukrainian]
8. Ukrinform (2018). ‘Krymska deklaratsiia demostruie polityku vsiiei administratsii SSha – Chalyi’, 2 August [online]. Available at: [in Ukrainian]
9. Ministerstvo finansiv SShA zaprovadzhuie sanktsii proty Rosii cherez postiinu ahresiiu v Ukraini [online]. Available at: [in Ukrainian]
10. United Nations General Assembly. Resolution A/RES/68/262 ‘Territorial integrity of Ukraine’ (2014) [online]. Available at: [in English]
11. (2018). ‘Aneksiia superechyt mizhnarodnomu pravu: iaki krainy pidtrymaly Krymsku deklaratsiiu SShA’, 26 July [online]. Available at:
12. Declaration on non-recognition of Crimea annexation [online]. Available at: non_recognition_of_crimea_annexation [in English]
13. Yevropeiska Pravda (2018). ‘The Czech Republic supported the “Crimean Declaration”’, 26 July [online]. Available at: news/2018/07/26/7084866/ [in English]
14. Foreign Minister Sven Mikser: Crimea is Ukraine [online]. Available at:
15. Deklaratsiia Verkhovnoho Predstavnyka YeS vid imeni Yevropeiskoho Soiuzu stosovno Krymu [online]. Available at: [in Ukrainian]
16. Declaration by the High Representative Federica Mogherini on behalf of the EU on the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol [online]. Available at: [in English]
17. UK supports US declaration condemning the illegal annexation of Crimea [online]. Available at: [in English]
18. France’s position on the situation in Ukraine [online]. Available at: ukraine/situation-in-ukraine-what-is/ [in English]
19. Situation in Ukraine: Federal Council extends measures to prevent the circumvention of sanctions [online]. Available at: [in English]
20. Declarations. Notifications [online]. Available at: [in English]
21. Declarations [online]. Available at: [in English]
22. Komentari MZS Ukrainy shchodo Krymskoi deklaratsii SShA [online]. Available at: https:// [in Ukrainian]
23. Shelest, H. (2018). ‘Shparhalka dlia Trampa: shcho Derzhdep zapysav mizh riadkamy Krymskoi deklaratsii’, Yevropeiska Pravda, 27 July [online]. Available at: [in Ukrainian]
24. Melnyk, S. (2011). Odnostoronniye akty gosudarstv v sovremennom mezhdunarodnom prave. Odesa: Feniks. [in Russian]
25. Vystup zastupnyka derzhavnoho sekretaria SShA Devida Heila pid chas pres-konferentsii u Kyievi [online]. Available at: [in English]
26. Hehel, H. (2015). Filosofiya istorii. Multimediynoe izdatelstvo Strelbitskogo. [in Russian]