The Republic of Kazakhstan in New Geopolitical Realities

Oleksandr Demenko
PhD in Political Science, Associate Professor, Scientific Secretary, State Institution “Institute of World History of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine”

DOI: 10.37837/2707-7683-2022-20

Abstract. The article analyses the domestic and foreign policy of the Republic of Kazakhstan in modern conditions. It was established that the mass unrest that engulfed Kazakhstan in January 2022 and the aggravation of the international security situation in the world because of full-scale russian aggression against Ukraine became a serious test for the independent development of this country. The main causes of the mass protests in the country and the role of the CSTO troops in solving and stabilising the situation are analysed.
President of Kazakhstan Kassym-Jomart Tokayev, with the help of CSTO troops, managed to stabilise the situation, took control of all key authorities and put an end to the dual power in the country. In June 2022, a constitutional reform was carried out in the Republic of Kazakhstan, which removed the influence and privileges of the first President, Nursultan Nazarbayev, while hardly limiting the powers of the current President.
It is shown that russia uses economic pressure and carries out powerful information and propaganda campaigns against Kazakhstan to force the country to move in the fairway of its policy. The conclusion is substantiated that the further development of allied relations with the russian federation becomes dangerous for Kazakhstan, since the open support of russian aggression against Ukraine can undermine the declared multi-vector nature and, in the conditions of a difficult socio-economic situation, provoke a new round of discontent in the country.
Keywords: Central Asia, the Republic of Kazakhstan, foreign policy, russian aggression, socio-economic situation, diversification.

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